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Spenco has release the childrens line.
Current medical information documents the significant increase in children’s foot injuries and visits to podiatrists due to the sports activities they start earlier in life than previous generations as well as the obesity factor in children causing more foot injuries due to simple weight issues. The California Podiatric Medical Association reports that approximately 80 percent of all children of ALL ages have trouble with their feet because of improper footwear, sports activities, or obesity. Research indicates that children’s feet definitely need cushioning as they participate in sports activities and need support in combination with cushioning if they have any foot problems. Neglecting foot health invites problems in other parts of the body such as the legs and backs as children move into puberty.
The sole of a normally developed foot has an arch, called the medial arch, formed by muscles and ligaments. For the first two years of a child’s life its feet will seem to have fallen arches. Flat feet are normal in a young child due to weak muscle tone in the foot, a generous padding of fat, and loose ankle ligaments that permit the foot to lean inwards. As a child masters walking the ligaments and muscles will strengthen and the fat pads in the arch area won’t be so noticeable. By around five years of age, a child should have normal arches in both feet. It is important that children under five be allowed to go barefoot as much as possible. NO heel products or arch supports should be used in children under the age of five. Should a child remain flat footed beyond the age of five a visit to the podiatrist is a good idea. If the child is 10 or older the flat foot can be considered permanent and long-term use of orthotics will be required to prevent future problems of the feet, lower extremities, and spine. These problems are especially an issue for children who are overweight or athletically active.
The foot is one of the first body parts to grow to full size. This usually occurs during puberty. During this time bones often grow faster than muscles and tendons and as a result tendons become tight and the heel area is less flexible. During weight bearing activities the tight heel tendons may put too much pressure at the back of the heel and injure the heel The most common foot injuries in children are ligament strain, stress fractures, heel bruises, and swollen growth plates which can lead to Sever’s disease and plantar fasciitis. Overweight children have a greater risk of foot problems that may be doing permanent damage, can cause stress fracture or hairline fractures, and can flatten the foot and cause plantar fascia. Heel pain is the leading cause of complaint among children.
The incidences of heel pain are due to repeated minor trauma that happens in many sporting activities and with the increased stress of weight. This stress in the heel area is also known to cause over pronation (rolling in at the ankle). Doctors often prescribe a heel pad or arch support to reduce the pull from the calf muscles on the growth plate and increase the shock absorption to reduce the growth plate irritation.
To manage children’s foot injuries doctors recommend good-quality shoes, an insole that provides cushioning, shock absorption and firm support. Support without cushioning can further injure the foot during the child’s activities. These products should help to realign the foot and distribute body
Children over the age of 10 with flexible flat feet should use a firm support with cushioning to help support the arch and prevent further damage to the foot. Children with high arches require a soft cushioned arch to make their feet more comfortable. Cleats with molded rubber or metal spikes provide no cushioning and little support for the foot and should be sized with an insert to cushion the foot.
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